More than 80% of Kenyan households rely on biomass (e.g. wood & charcoal) for energy; it is mainly used for cooking and occasionally for space and water heating. Wood and charcoal are obtained almost exclusively from the forest (90%), which is a key driver of deforestation in Kenya. The impact of deforestation is widespread, affecting the livelihoods of local people – mainly the rural poor – where it disrupts important environmental functions, such as water and soil nutrient retention.
In Kenya, cooking is traditionally often done indoors on thermally inefficient 3-stone fires, which results in incomplete combustion and the production of large amounts of smoke and air pollution. Indoor air pollution has been linked to a range of health problems such as acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children, chronic obstructive lung diseases (such as chronic bronchitis and asthma), lung cancer and neonatal complications.
The cookstoves are distributed at no cost to the stove owners, who live in rural areas with considerable levels of poverty and would otherwise be unable to afford them.
Social and Sustainability Benefits
The project is contributing to sustainable development:
- reduction in emission of Greenhouse Gases
- avoidance of deforestation – also preventing soil erosion & nutrient loss and risk of flooding
- protection from lung diseases & lung cancer
- protection from neonatal complications
- reduced burns and injuries (from exposure to an open fire)
- number of families already reached: 19,674
- number of people already positively impacted: 96,402
£9.50 to offset 1tCO2e.1By using the carbon markets, entities can neutralise, or offset, their emissions by retiring carbon credits generated by projects that are reducing GHG emissions elsewhere. Of course, it is critical to ensure, or verify, that the emission reductions generated by these projects are actually occurring. This is the work of the VCS Program – to ensure the credibility of emission reduction projects.