Fyi some tasty links harvested from our “food” blog category.
# Food’s environmental impacts
are created by millions of diverse producers. To identify solutions that are effective under this heterogeneity, the below report consolidated data covering five environmental indicators; 38,700 farms; and 1600 processors, packaging types, and retailers. Impact can vary 50-fold among producers of the same product, creating substantial mitigation opportunities. However, mitigation is complicated by trade-offs, multiple ways for producers to achieve low impacts, and interactions throughout the supply chain. Producers & distributors have limits on how far they can reduce impacts. Our food choices dictate their produce-choices. Most strikingly, impacts of the lowest-impact animal products typically exceed those of vegetable substitutes, providing new evidence for the importance of dietary change.
# Transformation of the global food system
is urgently needed as more than 3 billion people are malnourished (including people who are undernourished and overnourished), and food production is exceeding planetary boundaries — driving climate change, biodiversity loss, pollution due to over-application of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers, and unsustainable changes in water and land use.
# You want to reduce the carbon footprint of your food?
Focus on what you eat, not whether your food is local. ‘Eat local’ is a common recommendation to reduce the carbon footprint of your diet. But transport tends to account for a small share of greenhouse gas emissions. How does the impact of what you eat compare to where it’s come from?
# Improving the environmental and climate performance of the European agriculture
During the last 30 years, the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy has increased the importance of this goal. Furthermore, the Green Deal strategy outlined a comprehensive approach to facilitate the transition towards sustainable food systems that links in a holistic approach all actors in the system, a path sketched out in the Farm to Fork (F2F) and Biodiversity (BDS) Strategies. Proponents of the EU Farm to Fork strategy, including green groups, say it will reduce farming’s share of planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions while keeping food affordable. An assessment by the Commission’s in-house scientists found the strategy could support farmers and cut agriculture-related emissions by 20% across the EU.
# EU’s Farm2Fork
# Farmers and lobby groups
are split on an EU agricultural reform that may increase farmers’ incomes and consumers’ prices. A report reveals a rift between farmers and the groups purporting to represent them.
# Agricultural Commodity Markets in 2020 (SOCO 2020)
This report aims to discuss policies and mechanisms that promote sustainable outcomes – economic, social and environmental – in agricultural and food markets, both global and domestic. The analysis is organized along the trends and challenges that lie at the heart of global discussions on trade and development. These include the evolution of trade and markets; the emergence of global value chains in food and agriculture; the extent to which smallholder farmers in developing countries participate in value chains and markets; and the transformative impacts of digital technology on markets. Along these themes, SOCO 2020 discusses policies and institutions that can promote inclusive economic growth and also harness markets to contribute towards the realization of the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals.
# Analysis of the large Food Commodity price increases from 2006 to July 2008.
Due to high prices, the total developing country food import bill rose from about $191 billion in 2006 to $254 billion in 2007.1 Today, developing countries are consuming less food. About 43 percent of more than 27,000 people polled in a recent 26-nation survey said that they had cut back food consumption as a result of higher prices. The number of those undernourished and food insecure in the world has increased along with prices. Over the last year, riots broke out over food prices, lack of available and affordable food, and insufficient food aid. The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) estimates that in 2007, 75 million people were added to the 850 million already defined as under-nourished and food insecure. Amidst the food price crisis, speculation is a major contributor to extreme price volatility, which is skewing agriculture commodity markets to such a degree that both farmers and consumers are losing out. This paper reviews the role of speculation in the global food crisis. It explains the particular role of U.S. regulation of commodities markets within the global regime. Finally, it offers policy recommendations for how governments can better regulate markets in support of food security and employment goals. Criticism of commodities speculation has come from nearly all quarters.
# Industrial food farming